Right and Wrong – A Zen Buddhist Spiritual Story

Right and Wrong - A Zen Buddhist Spiritual StoryWhen Bankei held his seclusion-weeks of meditation, pupils from many parts of Japan came to attend. During one of these gatherings a pupil was caught stealing. The matter was reported to Bankei with the request that the culprit be expelled. Bankei ignored the case.

Later the pupil was caught in a similar act, and again Bankei disregarded the matter. This angered the other pupils, who drew up a petition asking for the dismissal of the thief, stating that otherwise they would leave in a body.

When Bankei had read the petition he called everyone before him. “You are wise brothers,” he told them.

“You know what is right and what is not right. You may go somewhere else to study if you wish, but this poor brother does not even know right from wrong. Who will teach him if I do not? I am going to keep him here even if all the rest of you leave.”

A torrent of tears cleansed the face of the brother who had stolen. All desire to steal had vanished.

The author of this story is unknown and greatly appreciated!

What Is the Spiritual Message / Moral of the “Right and Wrong” Story?

At its core, the “Right and Wrong” story moral is about compassion in action. Bankei’s response is not a mere act of tolerance but a manifestation of boundless compassion. He perceives beyond the act of stealing, penetrating the layers of the individual's essence to recognize the ignorance within. Instead of condemnation, Bankei extends a hand of guidance, realizing that the thief’s actions stem from a lack of understanding rather than malice.

This incident brings forth a profound revelation about the interconnectedness of all beings. Bankei, in his infinite wisdom, understands that the well-being of one is intrinsically linked to the well-being of all. He acknowledges the responsibility we hold toward each other, to guide, nurture, and uplift those who may falter on their paths.

Furthermore, the story illuminates the transformative power of compassion and understanding. Through Bankei’s unwavering compassion, a profound shift occurs within the thief. The torrent of tears symbolizes the cleansing of the soul, a transformative moment where the thief's perspective shifts, and the desire to steal dissipates entirely. This transformation stems not from punishment or reprimand but from the gentle touch of understanding and compassion.

In a world often dictated by judgment and retribution, this story stands as a beacon of a different approach—an approach rooted in unconditional love and empathy. Bankei’s unwavering commitment to guiding the misguided soul speaks volumes about the power of compassion in facilitating personal growth and transformation.

Moreover, the story of “Right and Wrong” invites reflection on the nature of forgiveness. Bankei’s response doesn’t just pardon the act; it transcends forgiveness to encompass understanding and healing. It exemplifies the highest form of forgiveness—one that not only absolves the wrong but facilitates a profound inner change within the wrongdoer.

Ultimately, the story of Bankei and the thief resonates with a universal truth: the transformative power of compassion, understanding, and forgiveness. It beckons us to look beyond the surface, to see through the lens of empathy, and to embrace our interconnectedness. It teaches us that in nurturing each other’s souls, we contribute to the collective elevation of humanity.

As we navigate our own journeys, the “Right and Wrong” parable serves as a guiding light, urging us to embody compassion, understanding, and forgiveness in our interactions. It invites us to recognize the potential for transformation in every soul and to extend a hand of guidance rather than condemnation. In doing so, we not only uplift others but also contribute to the harmonious tapestry of existence, woven together by the threads of compassion and understanding.

Personal Reflection Questions

Spiritual stories are an opportunity to reflect on your own life. Here are 10 questions you can use to go deeper with the teachings in this story:

  1. Reflect on Bankei's response to the pupil caught stealing. How does his decision to ignore the matter challenge conventional notions of punishment and forgiveness?
  2. Consider the role of the other pupils in the story. How does their desire for expulsion reflect societal expectations of justice, and how does Bankei's response challenge those expectations?
  3. Explore the concept of wisdom as presented in Bankei's statement, “You are wise brothers.” How does Bankei's understanding of wisdom differ from the conventional understanding, especially in the context of dealing with the pupil who stole?
  4. Contemplate the significance of Bankei's refusal to expel the thief. How does this decision align with Bankei's role as a teacher, and what does it reveal about his approach to guiding his pupils?
  5. Reflect on Bankei's acknowledgment that the pupil “does not even know right from wrong.” How might this perspective influence the way we perceive and respond to individuals who make mistakes or engage in wrongdoing?
  6. Consider the emotional transformation of the pupil who stole. How does the cleansing of tears symbolize a profound change in the pupil's understanding and behavior?
  7. Explore the theme of compassion in the story. How does Bankei's decision to keep the pupil reflect a compassionate approach to teaching and guiding others?
  8. Reflect on the concept of teaching through understanding rather than punishment. How might Bankei's approach inspire readers to reconsider their own views on discipline and correction?
  9. Contemplate the impact of the collective threat from the other pupils to leave if the thief is not expelled. How does this dynamic highlight the tension between collective judgment and individual compassion?
  10. Consider the broader implications of Bankei's teaching philosophy. How might his approach to addressing wrongdoing influence our own perspectives on forgiveness, redemption, and the transformative power of compassion?